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 UN agency hails new polio vaccination regimen in South-East Asia that curbs impact on global supply

UN agency hails new polio vaccination regimen in South-East Asia that curbs impact on global supply

India Blooms News Service | | 13 Jan 2017, 08:25 am
New York, Jan 13 (Just Earth News): Amid a global shortage of injectable inactivated polio vaccines (IPV), a new inoculation regimen, employed by governments in the South-East Asian region, involving two fractional vaccine doses – each about a fifth of a full dose – provides the same level of protection against all polioviruses as does one full dose, the United Nations health agency said on Thursday.

According to the World Health Organization's (WHO) Regional Office for South-East Asia, the evidence-based intervention ensures continued protection of children against the virus and also helps save vaccine.

This method was first used in India in its provincial vaccination programmes in early 2016 and is now being scaled up nationally. Sri Lanka and Bangladesh have also decided to introduce the fractional IPV doses this year, and other countries in the region are considering a shift in their immunization routines.

The first of the two fractional doses is administered to infants at the age of six weeks, followed by the second at the age of 14 weeks.

According to WHO, South-East Asia is also its first region to complete the polio vaccine switch from the traditionally used trivalent oral polio vaccine (tOPV) to the bivalent vaccine (bOPV) to prevent any paralysis caused by type 2 poliovirus strain in tOPV.

The crippling and highly infectious disease, polio (poliomyelitis), is caused by the poliovirus and the last case of wild poliovirus in the region was recorded on 13 January 2011.

WHO certified the region (comprising Bangladesh, Bhutan, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, India, Indonesia, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Timor-Leste) as polio-free in March 2014.

All countries have been working towards the timely implementation of the global polio end game strategy to achieve a polio-free world, the UN agency noted, reminding them of the continued need “to reach every child with polio vaccines and to strengthen disease surveillance so that poliovirus does not return to cripple children.”

Photo: WHO/F. Guerrero

Source: www.justearthnews.com

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Erdogan's Turkey turns Hagia Sophia into a mosque again; UNESCO regrets #HagiaSophia, #Turkey, #Istanbul, #HagiaSophiaMosqueAgain Istanbul/IBNS: Hagia Sophia, Turkey's iconic monument, a UNESCO World Heritage and one of the central attractions of its capital Istanbul, is no longer a museum. It has been turned back as a mosque though some 1500 years ago it was built as an Orthodox Christian cathedral. Hagia Sophia was converted into a mosque during the Ottoman time in 1453 while under Ataturk it was turned into a museum in 1935. The decision comes amid a growing rise of the Islamists in Turkey who had been demanding that it be restored as a mosque though Opposition leaders with secular credentials had been against the move. A top court in Turkey ruled that turning it into a museum in 1935 by modern Turkey's secular architect Mustafa Kemal Ataturk was illegal, paving the way for present Turkey president Recep Tayyip Erdogan to declare it as a mosque again and to open it for Muslim prayers. Erdogan made the announcement an hour after the court ruled the conversion to museum in 1935 as illegal and scrapped its status. "May it be beneficial," posted Erdogan on Twitter, sharing an official document on the change with his signature. UNESCO regrets In an immediate reaction, UNESCO said it "deeply regrets" the decision. UNESCO said it was "regrettable that the Turkish decision was not the subject of dialog nor notification beforehand". "UNESCO calls on the Turkish authorities to open a dialog without delay in order to avoid a step back from the universal value of this exceptional heritage whose preservation will be reviewed by the World Heritage Committee in its next session," the United Nation's cultural body said in a statement. Istanbul icon of beauty and wonderment According to Turkey's official tourism website, Hagia Sophia is a remarkable achievement in the history of architecture. and a living proof of mankind's revolt against the laws of physics and it calls it a monument whose importance transcends borders. It is one of UNESCO's World Cultural Heritage sites attracting millions of visitors across the world with its majestic grandeur

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Erdogan's Turkey turns Hagia Sophia into a mosque again 11 Jul 2020, 01:37 pm