June 30, 2022 17:04 (IST)
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Senior IPS officer Vivek Phansalkar to take over as Mumbai's new police commissioner | West Bengal Medical Council running unlawfully, to be dissolved by next month: Calcutta HC | Bengal Governor asks Mamata Banerjee to withdraw her 'jihad against BJP' remark | SC stays court order to summon Home Ministry officials over plea against Mukesh Ambani's Z+ security | Uddhav Thackeray resigns as Maharashtra chief minister after Supreme Court allows floor test

KP: Declining Violence, Increasing Threat

Research Associate, Institute for Conflict Management At least 22 Shias were killed and another 50 were injured when a three member suicide squad attacked an Imambargah (Shia place of worship) in the Phase-5 locality of the Hayatabad area in Peshawar, the provincial capital of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), on February 13, 2015. As the entrance of the Imambargah is heavily guarded, the terrorists dressed in Police uniforms entered the Imambargahfrom the other side of the mosque, cutting through barbed wire, and carried out the attack when around 800 worshippers were offering Friday prayers. Of the three suicide bombers who entered the mosque, only one was able to blow himself up. A second was killed by Security Force (SF) personnel, while the third was arrested in an injured condition.

Divisions over Drafts

Research Fellow, Institute for Conflict Management The environment of peace that had been established in Nepal in 2013 survived, despite challenges, through 2014, with not a single insurgency-related fatality on record. Significantly, since March 2000, when the South Asia Terrorism Portal (SATP) database commenced compiling data on insurgency-related fatalities in Nepal, it was in 2013 that the Himalayan Nation did not record a single insurgency-related fatality during the course of a year, for the first time, and remained completely free of insurgency-related violence. At its peak in 2002, the insurgency saw 4,896 persons, including 3,992 Maoists, 666 Security Force (SF) personnel and 238 civilians, killed in a single year.

Sindh: Permanent Crisis

Research Assistant, Institute for Conflict Management ...Violence in Karachi has become so commonplace that reports of ever more gruesome excesses against the citizens are usually taken in the stride...

Balochistan: Persistent Crisis

Research Associate, Institute for Conflict Management The Security Forces (SFs) recovered three bullet-riddled bodies from Mand area of Turbat District of Balochistan on December 30, 2014. The victims had been shot multiple times in the head, chest and face at close range.

A Fresh Beginning

Research Fellow, Institute for Conflict Management In a dramatic turnaround of political fortunes in the island nation, Pallewatte Gamaralalage Maithripala Yapa Sirisena, leader of the New Democratic Front (NDF), emerged victorious in a keenly contested Presidential Election held on January 8, 2015. Sirisena secured 6,217,162 votes (51.28 per cent) against 5,768,090 votes (47.58 per cent) polled by Mahinda Rajapaksa, the incumbent President, and candidate of the United People's Freedom Alliance (UPFA). A total of 19 candidates were in the fray, but the election was a direct contest between Sirisena and Rajapaksa from the outset, with the remaining 17 candidates eventually securing a joint total of 1.14 per cent votes. Sirisena took oath as the Seventh Elected Executive President of the country on January 9. It was the seventh presidential election.

J&K: Dangers Lurk behind Democratic Triumph

Research Fellow, Institute for Conflict Management

Visible Gains, Hidden Dangers

On December 18, 2014, the International Crimes Tribunal-2 (ICT-2) indicted Forkan Mallik, an alleged Razakar (a paramilitary force organized by the Pakistan Army) commander from Mirzaganj sub-District in Patuakhali District, for his involvement in crimes against humanity during the Liberation War of 1971. The tribunal framedfive charges against Forkan, a supporter of the main opposition Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP).

Juvenile Justice: Do We Want Retribution, Or Reformation

Children cannot be made to pay the price for the inefficiency of a system – clearly reflected in the poor implementation of the Juvenile Justice legislation. Strengthening the existing system through the effective implementation of the legislation should have been the call of the hour, rather than its amendment, writes Puja Marwaha, CEO, Child Rights and You (CRY)

Nepal: Deepening Polarization

In a clear indication of deepening polarization in the constitution drafting process in Nepal, 20 out of 31 parties represented in the Constituent Assembly (CA), on November 20, 2014, rejected the seven-province proposal of the ruling alliance - the Nepali Congress (NC) and Communist Party of Nepal-Unified Marxist Leninist (CPN-UML). The dissident parties alleged that the joint proposal was against the spirit of the Interim Constitution of 2007 and earlier peace agreements, including the 11-Point Agreement, 7-Point Agreement and 23-Point Agreement. Prime Minister Sushil Koirala, who is also President of the ruling NC, and CPN-UML Chairman K.P. Sharma Oli, had jointly presented the seven-province proposal at a meeting of the Constitutional Political Dialogue and Consensus Committee (CPDCC) on November 3, 2014.

Pakistan: Targeting Doctors

Dr. Rubina Khalid (55), a senior professor of the Dow University of Health Sciences and a Sunni, was shot dead by unidentified assailants on University Road in Karachi, the provincial capital of Sindh, in the night of November 25, 2014. Police said it was still unclear whether the shooting was a robbery gone wrong or a targeted murder.

Mindless Adventurism

Since October 3, 2014, the India-Pakistan border in Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) has witnessed the worst kind of Cease Fire Agreement (CFA) violations. It is worst since November 2003, when the CFA was signed between the two sides. There is a complete pandemonium at the India-Pakistan border in J&K- 190 kilometers long International Border (IB) and 776 kilometers long Line of Control (LoC). A hysterical media and many security pundits have described the situation as a virtual state of war between India and Pakistan, citing the apparently massive ordnance that the two sides have thrown at each other.

Why are they storms in your teacups?

"Why is there no storm in your ocean?" Maulana Aasim Umar, now designated as the leader of al Qaeda's jihad in the Indian sub-continent, had demanded of Indian Muslims in June 2013, "Today, when the call of Jihad is being raised all over the world and Muslims of every region have started Jihad in their lands to eradicate the system based on global disbelief, the leaders of the global Jihad have the right to ask... Why is it that the Muslims of India are totally absent from the fields of Jihad?"

Afghanistan: Daunting Task Ahead

The controversy surrounding the Afghan polls doesn't seem to end. The dangerous standoff between the two leading presidential candidates has fuelled concern that protests could spiral into ethnic unrest and may seriously hurt the stability of Afghanistan. At a time, when the Afghan security forces are already burdened with managing their internal security, with the imminent exit of ISAF forces, this doesn't augur well for the country embattling with terrorism and narcotics, fuelled by a resurgent Taliban.

J&K: Trails of Death

Research Associate, Institute for Conflict Management On July 3, 2014, Security Forces (SFs) foiled an infiltration bid across the Line of Control (LoC), killing at least three terrorists. The incident took place in the Balnoi area of the Mendhar Sector in Poonch District, along the LoC in Jammu and Kashmir (J&K).

Uzbek Challenge

Tushar Ranjan Mohanty/Research Associate, Institute for Conflict Management On July 7, 2014,Security Forces (SFs) involved in the ongoing military operation, Zarb-e-Azb [Sword of the Prophet], in the North Waziristan Agency (NWA) of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), have so far killed a total of 391 alleged terrorists. 19 troopers have also lost their lives during the Operation that began at 01:30am [PST] on June 15, 2014. A total of 61 terrorist hideouts have been neutralized.