August 16, 2022 06:42 (IST)
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Policemen, civilian injured in two separate grenade attacks in Kashmir | Nitish Kumar to expand Cabinet tomorrow | Prohibitory orders in Karnataka's Shivamogga after clashes over Savarkar poster | PM Modi renews call to fight corruption, familism on 75th Independence Year amid ED heat on Opposition | India will fuel Techade: PM Modi on I-Day

Islamist Backlash, Measured Justice

Research Associate, Institute for Conflict Management On August 7, 2015, Niladri Chattopadhyay Niloy alias Niloy Neel (28), a secular blogger and a Gonojagoron Mancha (People's Resurgence Platform) activist was hacked to death at his Goran residence in the Khilgaon area of the national capital, Dhaka, in broad daylight. Later in the evening, a group identifying itself as Ansar-al-Islam, Bangladesh chapter of Al-Qaeda in the Indian Sub-continent (AQIS), claimed responsibility for the murder in an email sent out to almost all media outlets. The email declared: "Alhamdulillah! Mujahidin of Ansar-al-Islam (AQIS, Bangladesh Branch) carried out an operation to slaughter an enemy of Allah and His Messenger (peace & blessings be upon him), whose name is Niloy Chowdhury Neel."

Frenetic Hangings

Research Associate, Institute for Conflict Management On July 29, 2015, eight death row prisoners were executed in Pakistan's Punjab Province. Three prisoners, identified as Muhammad Safdar, Aftab and his father, were hanged at Attock District Jail. Aftab and his father Usman had killed a man in 1998 over a monetary dispute. Muhammad Safdar had murdered two people over a 'petty issue' in 2003. Another convicted prisoner, Muhammad Tufail was hanged till death in Kasur District Jail. Tufail was hanged for killing a man and his son in 2001. Separately, another convict, Mohammad Nawaz was hanged till death in Sargodha District Jail for killing his relative over a land dispute in 2002. In Multan District Jail, death row prisoner Nayyar Abbas was hanged for killing a man in 1996. Another prisoner, Gulfam alias Gullu, was hanged till death in Gujrat District Jail for killing a man in 2001. Ahmed Din was hanged at the Jhang District Jail for killing Shireen Khan in a land dispute in April 2001.

Meghalaya: Prospective Gains

Research Assistant, Institute for Conflict Management On July 9, 2015, Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT) team of Meghalaya Police killed a Garo National Liberation Army (GNLA) 'commander', identified as Savio Marak, at Rengregre village in East Garo Hills District. Inspector General of Police (Operations) G.H.P Raju disclosed that Savio, a former Meghalaya Police constable was wanted in several cases of murder, abduction, bombings and extortion in the Garo Hills region. Savio had deserted the Police Force in February 2011, while on duty at a relief camp for victims of the Garo-Rabha ethnic clashes during the month of January 2011.

Default Settings

Editor, SAIR; Executive Director, ICM & SATP India's policy on Jammu & Kashmir (J&K), on terrorism, and on the principal sponsor of terrorism in South Asia - Pakistan - has often been criticized for its inconsistencies. Over the past years, however, an increasing consistency has been evident - though perhaps not in any particularly constructive sense: the consistency of a pendulum, swinging with insistent regularity from one extreme to the other. Another Swing of the Pendulum, November 3, 2003

Maoists: Chhattisgarh: Limited Gains, Repeated Errors

Research Associate, Institute for Conflict Management Three cadres of the Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist), including two women, were killed in an exchange of fire between the Maoists and the Security Forces (SFs) near Jinipa under Tarlaguda Police Station limits in Bijapur District on June 12. Apart from the bodies, Police recovered five weapons from the spot. While the two women cadres are yet to be identified, the third Maoist was identified as 19-year-old Kodamagundla Vivek, a dropout from Osmania University who had played a major role during the students' agitation for Telangana in 2012-14. He belonged to Suryapet in Telangana.

Pakistan: Sisyphean Gains

Research Associate, Institute for Conflict Management Two 'commanders' of the Balochistan Liberation Front (BLF) and Tanzeem Lashkar-e-Balochistan (TLB), along with a group of 57 insurgents, laid down their arms in the presence of Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) leader Nawab Sanaullah Zehri in the Khuzdar District of Balochistan on June 13, 2015. According to reports, BLF commander Din Jan aka Meeran and TLB leader Ubaidullah aka Beebarg laid down their arms and vowed to join the 'national mainstream'. The leaders also chanted 'Pakistan Zindabad' (Long Live Pakistan) and 'Balochistan Paindabad' (Balochistan Live Forever).

Islamists: Terror Heists

Research Associate, Institute for Conflict Management On June 7, 2015, a team of Detective Branch (DB) of Police arrested nine militants of the Bangladesh Jihadi Group (BJG) from capital city Dhaka's Banashree and Sutrapur areas, while they were preparing to execute bank robberies. A huge quantity of bombs, explosives and books on jihad (holy war) were seized from their possession. While six of the arrestees - identified as Kazi Iftekhar Khaled aka Khaled aka Ifti, Fahad bin Nurullah Kashemi akaFahad aka Kayes, Mohammad Rahat, Din Islam, Ariful Karim Chowdhury aka Adnan and Nurul Islam - were picked from the garage of a Banashree apartment, another three - identified as Mawlana Nurullah Kashemi, Delwar Hossain, and Yasin Arafat - were arrested from Sutrapur. Sanwar Hossain, Additional Deputy Commissioner (ADC, South Dhaka) stated that Rahat, Fahad and Khaled were experts in making bombs.

Jharkhand: Sustained Offensive

Research Assistant, Institute for Conflict Management Twelve Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) cadres, including a 'zonal commander' identified as Anurag Yadav aka RK aka Doctor, who was carrying a reward of INR 1 million on his head, were killed by a joint team of Palamu Police, Jharkhand Jaguars and Commando Battalion of Resolute Action (CoBRA) personnel at Bakoria village near the Palamu-Latehar border in the Palamu District of Jharkhand at around 01:00 hrs [IST] on June 9, 2015. Confirming the incident, Palamu Superintendent of Police (SP) Patel Mayur Kanaiya Lal stated, "The encounter took place in Bakoria village, about 140 km from Ranchi. All the bodies have been recovered." Two INSAS rifles, an American 30-06 Springfield rifle, four .303 rifles, a semi-automatic rifle and cache of ammunition were recovered from the encounter site.

Balochistan: Sanguinary Faultlines

Research Assistant, Institute for Conflict Management In another act of targeting settlers from outside Balochistan, Baloch insurgents shot dead 22 Pashtuns on May 29, 2015, all of them daily wagers and labourers, who were travelling in two passenger buses en route to Karachi (Sindh) from Pishin District (Balochistan), in the Khad Kucha area of Mastung District. At least 15 to 20 militants, wearing Security Forces' (SF) uniforms, came in three pickup trucks and abducted some 35 passengers. The militants subsequently killed 22, and set free another five. The fate of the remaining eight is unknown.

J&K: Sopore: Ascendant Terror

Research Associate, Institute for Conflict Management On May 26, a person identified as Ghulam Hassan Dar was killed by unidentified gunmen in Sopore Town of Baramulla District. Dar was the father of a sarpanch [head of panchayat, village level self-government institution] who had an Aircel mobile transmission tower installed inside his residential compound.

Islamic State: Lurking Dangers

Research Fellow, Institute for Conflict Management After nearly six months of investigation in a case related to the Islamic State of Iraq and Levant [ISIL, later, the Islamic State (IS)], the National Investigation Agency (NIA), filed a charge sheet on May 20, 2015, before the NIA Special Court in Mumbai. According to the Agency,

Meghalaya: Continuing Irritants

Research Assistant, Institute for Conflict Management On May 7, 2015, Security Forces (SFs) killed a suspected Garo National Liberation Army (GNLA) militant, identified as 'lieutenant' Sanjay alias Gobat Gambat, in the Tapa Darengchi area of North Garo Hills District. One pistol was recovered from the incident site.

Persistent Polarization

Research Associate, Institute for Conflict Management On March 30, 2015, 41 people including 35 cadres of Unified Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist (UCPN-M)-led 30-party alliance, five Policemen and one minor were injured in clashes between Police and demonstrators during the lathi (baton) rally organized by the alliance across the country against attempts to draft the Constitution through the majority voting process, instead of consensus.

Northeast: The Troubles Endure

Research Assistant, Institute for Conflict Management Insurgencies in India's Northeast have seen repeated cycles of reverses and resurgence. Most States in the region remain poorly governed and, on a wide range of parameters. The recent conflagrations in Assam have demonstrated clearly that, however significant the gains of the state in a particular theatre, there is no space for the pattern of administrative incompetence, political corruption and neglect that has characterized governance in the Northeast - and, increasingly, much of India as well. The enemy waits, close at hand. SAIR Volume 11, No. 34, February 25, 2013.

Telangana: Maoist Ebb

Research Associate, Institute for Conflict Management After a protracted political slug fest and acrimonious protests, the new State of Telangana was created on June 2, 2014, bifurcating Andhra Pradesh. According to the arrangement, Hyderabad will remain the joint capital for both the States for ten years, after which Andhra Pradesh will have its own capital and Hyderabad will be transferred entirely to Telangana. While Telangana has 10 Districts, the residuary Andhra Pradesh has 13. Interestingly, even as the undivided Andhra Pradesh successfully broke the backbone of Maoist movement in the State, the Maoists managed retain a shadow of their presence in the State. That shadow remains visible in Telangana.