April 18, 2024 14:10 (IST)
Follow us:
facebook-white sharing button
twitter-white sharing button
instagram-white sharing button
youtube-white sharing button
10 dead as car rams into truck on Ahmedabad-Vadodara expressway in Gujarat | US reacts to Modi's 'India will not hesitate to kill terrorists in their homes' remark, encourages talks | Bihar worker shot dead by terrorists in Kashmir's Anantnag | Centre hails former PM Manmohan Singh for liberating economy in 1991 | Mamata Banerjee's TMC manifesto promises 10 free LPG cylinders, 5 kg free ration, no CAA
RBI’s policy hawkish to the rising inflationary risks: HDFC treasury research Monetary Policy
Image Credit: wikipedia.org

RBI’s policy hawkish to the rising inflationary risks: HDFC treasury research

India Blooms News Service | @indiablooms | 10 Aug 2023, 06:21 pm

Mumbai: The RBI kept its policy rate unchanged at 6.5% in line with expectations. Moreover, it continued with its stance of “withdrawal of accommodation” with a 5:1 vote.

According to HDFC Bank’s treasury research team, the message from the policy was clearly hawkish in response to the rising inflationary risks. This was reflected in both the significant upward revision in RBI’s inflation forecast and the decision to introduce 10% incremental CRR for banks (to address the liquidity overhang due to the withdrawal of 2000 rupee notes).

“We had earlier highlighted the possibility of durable liquidity absorption measures that could be announced in the face of rising inflationary pressures (see our note Bond View on 28th July 2023) and continue to think that if food inflation pressures are not as transitory as is being expected – a continuation of liquidity tightening beyond fine-tuning operations remains likely in the coming months,” it said in a reaction post-RBI’s decision to main status quo on the repo rate.

On rates, it expects the RBI to remain on hold through FY24 and a rate cut is not likely before Q1 FY25.

“The timing of the rate cut would depend both on domestic fundamentals and also the turn in the global interest rate cycle. Therefore, it is unlikely for the RBI to precede the US Fed in beginning its rate cut cycle,” it said.

With respect to inflation, the RBI revised up its Q2 FY24 inflation forecast by 100bps to 6.2%, full-year forecast to 5.4% (from 5.1% earlier) and gave an above 5% forecast (5.2%) for Q1 FY25.

While the central bank did recognise that vegetable price increases tend to be transitory and the recent rise could reverse sharply in the coming months, it also talked about other inflation risks from cereals, pulses, and global commodity price increases.

In addition, food inflation increases tend to have a greater influence on inflation expectations if sustained. Therefore, “higher for longer” + liquidity tightening is likely to be the RBI’s playbook going forward, particularly given its commitment to bringing inflation down to 4% on a sustainable basis.

We expect inflation to average 5.6% in FY24, higher than the RBI’s forecast. Inflation for July is expected to print at 6.6%. The RBI currently assumes a normal monsoon for August and September, but the IMD has projected a below-normal monsoon in August – this could present further upside risk to the RBI’s inflation forecasts going forward.

In terms of liquidity, the ICRR is announced effective 12 August and entails that banks shall maintain an incremental cash reserve ratio of 10% on the increase in deposits between May 19 and July 28. In the post-policy press conference, the governor mentioned that this could imply a little over Rs 1 lakh crore of liquidity being reduced, the HDFC treasury research team.

The total liquidity in the system (government balances + LAF) stood close to Rs 3.5 lakh crore with the LAF balance at Rs 2 lakh crore as of August 8.

Tighter liquidity conditions could imply some upward pressure on both credit and deposit rates as transmission of past rate hikes improves.

We expect liquidity surplus as measured by the LAF balances to average between Rs 1 to 1.5 lakh crore going forward in Q2 FY24.

The 10-year bond yield was broadly unchanged post the policy announcement and was trading at 7.17% at the time of writing.

“We continue to expect some upward pressure on bond yields going forward, led by elevated US yields (risk of upward pressure if US CPI surprises on the higher side today), rising domestic inflation and global commodity prices. We see a range of 7.15%-7.25% for Q2,” it said.

Support Our Journalism

We cannot do without you.. your contribution supports unbiased journalism

IBNS is not driven by any ism- not wokeism, not racism, not skewed secularism, not hyper right-wing or left liberal ideals, nor by any hardline religious beliefs or hyper nationalism. We want to serve you good old objective news, as they are. We do not judge or preach. We let people decide for themselves. We only try to present factual and well-sourced news.

Support objective journalism for a small contribution.